A project for the construction of a new missile early warning system “Voronezh” was approved in Crimea.
“Soon, work will begin on the construction of the station’s foundation,” a source at the office of the EWS General Designer told Interfax.
On July 3, 2020, the Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces of the Russian Federation, Sergei Surovikin, announced that the creation of a new radar station near Sevastopol would be completed in 2024.
“Considering the relevance of the deployment of radar in the southwestern missile-hazardous direction, it was decided to create a VZG radar (high-availability radar station) of a meter range in Sevastopol with a completion date in 2024,” Surovikin said at the time.
Earlier, the general designer of the early warning system, the general director of the Russian corporation MAK Vympel, Sergei Boev, told Interfax that the new Voronezh radar will replace the outdated Dnepr radar near Sevastopol.
“The new station will be of a different generation, with different capabilities,” Boev noted.
After the collapse of the USSR, the Dnepr station in Sevastopol was ceded to Ukraine and for some time rented by Russia, but due to the position of Kiev, the contract was terminated. Then “Dnepr” was not operated for more than ten years and fell into disrepair.
The Voronezh is a Russian over-the-horizon early warning radar station. It operates in various radio wave bands. Radars are capable of detecting space and aerodynamic objects, including ballistic and cruise missiles.
Over the years, the Russian military has significantly strengthened the grouping in Crimea, including through the S-400 long-range air defense systems (Almaz-Antey VKO concern).
In November 2018, the fourth division of the S-400 Triumph air defense system took up combat duty in Dzhankoy in the north of Crimea. Dzhankoy is located about 30 km from the border with Ukraine. Earlier, the Russian military put three S-400 divisions on combat duty in Crimea: in January 2017 in Feodosia, in January 2018 in Sevastopol and in September 2018 in Evpatoria.
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation said that a group has been created in Crimea that is capable of providing protection against all threats.
The defense of Crimea is provided by the ships of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation, naval aviation and air defense aviation.
An army corps has been created in Crimea, including coastal defense and reconnaissance units, artillery units, air defense units, engineering and logistic support, RCB protection, communications and others.
The Russian military has advanced Bal and Bastion anti-ship coastal missile systems in Crimea.
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